Link Search Menu Expand Document

Stage 4 Science


Be advised some chapters are being omitted as they are not planned and won’t be worked on, and therefore redundant. They won’t carry the Redundant label but will just be left out of it entirely. This applies to chapters Stage 5 and onwards.

  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 2 - Cells - the building blocks of life
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 4 - Classification
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 6 - The solar system
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 7 - Forces in action
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 8 - Body systems
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 10 - The changing Earth
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 11 - Energy
  • Stage 4 Science Chapter 14 - Earth’s precious resources

Stage 4 Concepts and Outcomes

Release note: All of these are yet to be uploaded to this website…

Chemical reactions

  • Naming simple compounds and writing word equations.
  • Identifying physical and chemical changes.
  • List of changes that indicate a chemical reaction has occurred.
  • Observations of chemical reactions, describe changes occurring, and factors affecting the reaction the effect of temperature on a reaction and Changing the reaction rate).


  • What is energy, and how can we detect it?
  • Definition of energy as ability to make things move and cause changes.
  • Types of energy, make a list with examples.
  • Discuss the difference between energy transfer and energy transformation.
  • Define the Law of Conservation of Energy.
  • Discuss heat and temperature.
  • Heat energy and three ways of heat transfer, with examples.
  • Observing convection currents – either potassium permanganate or tea leaves as water is heated.
  • Radiation – Infrared is heat radiation, relate to the Sun.
  • Explain the three things that can happen when radiation hits an object – it can be transmitted, reflected or absorbed.
  • Solar ovens: identify materials in the oven where heat is transmitted, reflected or absorbed and reducing heat loss.
  • Heat insulation and how it prevents the 3 types of heat transfer.
  • Insulation of homes.

Regular circuits

  • The symbols for simple electrical components, p 351, & how to use them to draw simple circuit diagrams.
  • Differences between series and parallel circuits (building regular circuits).
  • Examine different ways of connecting two globes to a power source and record circuit diagrams and the effects different arrangements have on brightness and when one bulb is removed.
  • Explanation of Conductors and Insulators.


  • Cell theory and the requirements of cells.
  • Discuss the different kinds of organisms. Identify the difference between multicellular and single celled organisms.
  • Identify some of the basic components of a cell.
  • Discuss the hierarchy of cell, tissue, organ and system in multicellular organisms.
  • Explain the need for cells to exchange substances with the environment.
  • Discuss what substances move into cells and what substances move out of cells. Use word equations for photosynthesis and respiration.

Nutrients, food and diet

  • Discuss the reasons living things require food in terms of energy, growth and repair.
  • Describe the aerobic respiration of glucose in the cells of all organisms, including chemical word equation.
  • Define nutrients.
  • Discuss the 5 main groups of nutrients, including what they are used for, different forms of these and what they are broken down into during digestion and absorption (why we need nutrients).
  • Discuss the need for water and fibre in the diet.

The digestive system

  • Discuss the definition of digestion with reference to the function of the main organs involved
  • Mechanical and chemical digestion
  • Discuss the role of enzymes and that enzymes are affected by temperature.
  • Identify the difference between incisors, canines and molars. Explain how each type of tooth assists in mechanical digestion.
  • Identify the teeth types & number in a human mouth.
  • Measuring energy in food, including calculations.

The respiratory system

  • Identify and describe the function of: lungs, diaphragm, trachea, epiglottis, bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli.
  • Contrast the physical process of breathing to the chemical process of respiration.
  • Describe how each reactant gets to the cells from outside the body and how each product leaves the body.

Skills and Processes [marked as redundant]

  • Validity, reliability and accuracy in science.
  • Correctly define and apply the terms controlled variables, independent variables and dependent variables.
  • Displaying results in tabular and graphic form.
  • Drawing conclusions from tables and graphs.
  • Process skills questions.

Table of contents

Copyright © 2017-2020 aidswidjaja and other contributors. CC BY-SA 4.0 Australia unless otherwise stated.